Annotated Bibliography on Television Viewing and Young Children


  1. “Ethical Dimensions of Justice and Health Information Sharing.” Justice and Health Connect. 1-4. Retrieved online from

Health information sharing concerns the protocol of proper sharing of sensitive information between the concerned members of the party. Unless it is necessary to share such information with other non-consenting individuals, the information should be kept private and confidential, especially if it concerns the health status of an individual. These are the main issues discussed in this paper. Overall, the article provided an informative guideline on how the different ethical dimensions of information sharing within the healthcare and justice systems.  However, this article has no authorship and no date, but the pdf file is working properly. We can therefore assume that the Justice and Health Connect wrote this article for the purpose of summarizing the different ethical considerations surrounding the issue of information sharing.

  1. Comstock, T. et al., (2011). “Media Use by Children Younger Than 2 Years.” 128(5).

This article was written by Comstock and his colleagues who were all members of the American Academy of Pediatrics as well as Council on Communications and Media. This article was written as part of the policy statement series they publish in the Pediatrics, and their goal is to provide a clear and concise association between the television watching of children and its possible effects on their language and speech development. Because the authors were part of a larger research community, they have been focusing in this area of study for the past several years already. This makes their work credible and reliable in terms of gathering information about the topic itself. The article therefore served as a good background for creating our Language Development Hypothesis.

  1. Kirkorian, H., Wartella, E. & Anderson, D. (2008). “Media and Young Children’s Learning.” Spring. 19(1).

Authors Kirkorian, Wartella and Anderson all specialize in the field of language and speech pathology and they were curious to know the different effects of watching television on the language development of children. This makes them credible for making a research topic because one of their specializations focus on analyzing what external factors might affect the development of language in children.  That being said, this article summarizes their work and the veracity of their claims based on the current literatures they used and the credibility of the methodology they utilized. And because they used a longitudinal study design, they were able to explore both the good and bad effects of watching television on a child’s language development.

  1. Ruangdaraganon, K., Nichara, J. & Chuthapisith, C. (2009). “Television viewing in Thai infants and toddlers: impacts to language development and parental perceptions.” BMC. 9(34). Retrieved from

Because of the growing interest of researchers to study the link between watching television and children’s language and speech development, the authors of this study conducted a similar research, but they used it within the Thai context.  Although their study utilized the same methodologies used by other studies, they chose Thai toddlers and infants, which were never explored in previous studies. Therefore, this study can be considered as groundbreaking with respect to the Thai context. In terms of the article’s credibility, it was obtained from the PubMed website, which publishes scholarly articles.  Therefore, this study is credible and the information it contains are all backed up by past studies about the topic.

  1. Wright, J., Huston, K., Murphy, T. & Scantlin, S. (2001). “The Relations of Early Television Viewing to School Readiness and vocabulary of Children from Low-Income Families: The Early Window Project.” Child Development. 72(1). Retrieved from

In this article, the authors conducted one of the earliest studies about the long-term effects of watching television in children. Their study used similar methodologies to explore what various areas of speech and language are affected by prolonged television watching and their participants are between three and five years old. Although the website provided only the abstract of the entire study, it contains succinct information about how the researchers investigated the relationship of television watching in children using their evidence-based methodological tools. This article was also published in PubMed, a government sponsored online library containing peer-reviewed articles, which means that this article contains credible information and has been peer-reviewed.